Referat - Gramatica Engleza

Categorie
Referate Engleza
Data adaugarii
acum 10 ani
Afisari
16772
Etichete
gramatica, engleza
Descarcari
438
Nota
6.33 / 10 - 3 voturi


PRESENT SIMPLE
Se foloseste prezentul simplu pentru a vorbi despre fapte care sunt in general adevarate si rutine in special când specificam cât de des.
Ex: The planets go round the sun.
Venus orbits the sun.
Flowers bloom in the spring.
Sound travels al 332 metres per second.
My father never gets up late
I have breakfast al eight o’clock.
The Prime Minister always addresses parliament on Tuesday.
I don’t smoke.
They never take their holidays in the summer.
Se foloseste uneori in istorisirea de povesti sau glume despre trecut
Ex: I walk into the shop and ask for the ring and the woman behind the counter tells me they’re closed!
Se foloseste in comentarii când se descrie scurte actiuni îndeplinite cum au fost descrise
Ex: So, now I break the egg, add it to the other ingredients and put the mixture in the pan.
Se poate folosi la exprimarea viitorului când se refera la un timp anume
Ex: Our bus arrives at 11.15 on Wednesday morning.
Our plane leaves at 6 am tomorrow morning.
The film starts al 8 pm.
School starts again next Monday.
Se poate folosi dupa if, when, until, as soon as, before, after, când o alta parte a propozitiei indica viitorul
Ex: We’ll have plenty of time for lunch if the train arrives on time.
When you get here, we’ll visit the museum.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
se foloseste când se vorbeste despre actiuni ce se petrec in acel moment
Hi! What are you two doing?
Nothing really. We’re just talking.
se foloseste când se vorbeste despre actiuni dintr-un prezent mai lung(dar tot temporal)
Ex: Are you doing anything interesting these days?
Yes. I’m learning to drive.
pentru situati care se schimba
Ex: Your English is improving!
pentru a te plânge despre o situatie temporala
Ex: You’re eating my ice cream!
chiar si despre obiceiuri folosindu-se mereu “always”
Ex: My sister’s always wearing my clothes!
unele verbe (stative verbs) nu sunt folosite in mod normal in forma continua
Ex: That soup smells great!
I think he’s a composer.
Vb: appear, seem,
believe, realise, suppose, think, recognise, understand, know, remember, see (=understand)
dislike, hate, prefer, love, like, want, wish
hear, sound, smell, taste
own, possess, belong, include, need, owe
mean, matter, surprise
Totusi unele dintre acestea pot fi folosite intr-un sens diferit ce verbe de actiune. Atunci pot lua forma continua
Ex: Why are you smelling your food? Is something wrong?
Be quiet a minute, I’m thinking!
se foloseste pt viitor când se vorbeste despre aranjamente fixe din viitor(in general nu se poate folosi pentru a înlocui “will”
Ex: Are you meeting the director tomorrow?
Yes. I’m seeing him at 11 o’clock.
PAST SIMPLE
se foloseste pentru actiuni ce au avut loc in trecut la un moment determinat
Ex: France won the World Cup in 1998.
in special pentru o serie de actiuni terminate
Ex: The girl walked out of the house, got into the car and drove off.
sau pentru actiuni repetate
Ex: She stopped three times for petrol and arrived in Vienna 24 hours later.
Trecutul este fie indicat (1998) fie sugerat (at the time of the story/ at the time we’re talking about)
Adv: two days ago, last week, yesterday
PAST CONTINUOUS
Se foloseste pentru a descrie o scena din trecut
Ex: We were late and when we got there people were talking, drinking and eating, and some were dancing to the band, which was playing a tango.
Se foloseste când se vorbeste despre ceva care s-a întâmplat deja la un moment din trecut
Ex: At eight o’clock last night, I was watching Tv.
Se foloseste in situatii întrerupte de past simple
Ex: The old miner was looking for water when he saw the gold.
Observati diferentele dintre: When I got there, Mary was leaving (ea era pe punctul de a pleca oricum) si When I got there, Mary left (a plecat dupa ce am venit, din cauza mea)
THE FUTURE
WILL Se foloseste „will” pentru viitor în general si mai ales pentru
predictii
Ex: You’ll love Budapest!
promisiuni
Ex: I won’t tell anyone your secret
oferte
Ex: We’ll help you with the washing up, Mum.
cereri
Ex: Will you give me a ride to school tomorrow?
GOING TO
Se foloseste „GOING TO” pentru a vorbe despre
planuri
Ex: My brother’s going to visit London soon.
intentii
Ex: I’m going to buy that magazine.
Atunci când sunt prezente dovezi ale unei predictii
Ex: We’re on the last lap and Schumacher’s going to win the Hungarian Grand Prix!
De cele mai multe ori când going to este folosit cu ver...


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